Evkurov’s Lie and the Russian Law

As known, the former head of the Republic of Ingushetia Yunus-Bek Evkurov was hiding behind Russian law in his (successful) attemp to justify the rapid adoption of the agreement on the establishment, but in fact, the change of borders between Ingushetia and Chechnya, bypassing public discussions as foreseen in the Constitution.

In particular, he argued that the Federal Legislation set a maximum deadline for setting boundaries until 2018 and therefore he was in a hurry to sign and approve this agreement at all costs. And since the Head of Chechnya agreed to this only on condition of transferring to it territories that it considered Chechen, it turned out that the unfortunate champion of Russian legislation simply had no choice but to agree with Chechnia. Arguing I didn’t want to, but what can I do – the law is the law.

But what did Russian law actually provide? The document that determined the time limits for establishing (changing) the boundaries between the constituent entities of the Russian Federation is called the Order of the Government of the Russian Federation from 30 of November 2015 No. 2444-R. As part of it, a plan is forseen to include information on the borders between the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and municipal boundaries in the state’s real estate cadastrar formations and boundaries of settlements in the form of a coordinate description.

This plan has three sections, which are devoted to the establishment of borders between: 1) settlements; 2) municipalities; 3) subjects of the Russian Federation. In the latter, the paragraph 15-17, determine the activities, responsible authorities and dates. Responsible everywhere are “executive bodies of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation”. Following activities are listed: “Organization of design work to establish (change) the boundaries between the constituent entities of the Russian Federation; Ensuring the establishment (change) of borders between the subjects of the Russian Federation in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation (if necessary); Ensuring land survey describing the location of agreed and approved borders between the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.”

But the most interesting thing for us is the time frame of these activities by the executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.

And what is indicated there? “2020 – 2030!” It turns out that the deadline for establishing borders between the subjects of the Russian Federation, provided for by Russian Federal law, has not even begun, but Yevkurov has announced that the time given by the law is expiring – and this two years before its start of the law.

What was this done for? It is clear – in order to avoid all discussians of the implementation of these measures in Ingushetia because otherwise the Ingush’s would never agree to any agreement as it was announced. And actually the Russian legislation gave the Ingush such an opportunity to clear all issues with the Chechen side. But our own government has stolen this opportunity from us, hiding behind Russian Federal law and exposing the Kremlin to blame for the surrender of Ingush national interest.

So why did he need it? There is a banal and mercantile private interest – Yevkurov went to the deal “territory in exchange for a third term.” From 2012 to 2017, Yevkurov successfully fought-off Kadyrov’s attacks on territorial claims, but when he realized that his chances of becoming the Head of the Republic once again, for a third term, had practically vanished, he decided to take advantage of Kadyrov’s influence in the Kremlin. And thus, through paying for satisfaction in the Chechen territorial ambitions. In fact, Evkurov was ruined by greed, he did not want to lose control over financial flows from the government’s budget and the already familiar share of this latter.

Ahmed Buzurtanov